What is Fluid Retention in Legs?

Fluid Retention

Fluid retention is a condition that occurs in people of all ages, even as they grow older. It can lead to problems in your joints, your heart, and your kidneys. Although it is more common in older adults, fluid retention in younger people can occur too, as it is a normal part of aging. If you have excessive fluid retention symptoms, it is essential to get checked out by your doctor.

Fluid Loss

The leading cause of fluid retention in the legs is severe fluid loss from your kidneys. Most often, fluid retention is only marked by moderate swelling of the lower legs and ankles, although swelling can also occur in your hands, arms, face, or other parts of your body. However, a severe case can occur even after consuming a large meal unusually high in sodium. This can result in high potassium levels and excessive fluid retention. In some cases, untreated kidney failure can lead to death.


People who are constipated experience excessive water retention due to the excessive pumping of the intestines due to inadequate diet and increased fluid intake. The most common cause of constipation is prolonged diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration. Treatment for constipation with laxatives, diuretics, or medicines similar to them is often effective in reducing symptoms of constipation. However, these medications can also cause dehydration if they are used without proper care.

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure can also lead to fluid retention in the legs. Some people who have high blood pressure do not respond well to treatment for constipation, and their symptoms may even worsen as they get older. As a result, they may experience edema. Edema is dangerous because it can damage blood vessels, lead to heart failure and stroke, and prevent the body from carrying out its natural functions.

Lymphatic Fluids

Lymphatic fluids flow through veins in the feet, legs, abdomen, and other body parts to provide oxygen and energy to cells and other organs. These fluids are called lymphatic fluids. Lymphatic fluid helps eliminate waste products from the body tissues and keeps the red blood cells from sticking to dark cells, such as those in the lungs, heart, and brain. A decrease in lymphatic fluid reduces the ability of these body tissues to eliminate wastes. Edema is caused when the lymphatic system becomes over-stressed and swollen.

Symptoms of lymphedema include swelling, leg pains, fatigue, dizziness, and nausea. Edema can affect any part of the body, but is most common in the limbs. Excessive fluid retention in the legs can occur due to many things, including surgery, an infection, obesity, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy for cancer treatment. Other symptoms can be a history of liver disease or an autoimmune disorder such as Lupus. Even emotional stress, prolonged infections, and genetics can contribute to fluid retention. Symptoms of lymphedema may not show immediately, so they may not be apparent at an early age.

Types Of Medications

Certain types of medications may help to reduce fluid retention in the legs. Some diuretics, such as hydrochlorothiazide, may help to reduce swelling and edema in the lower limbs. This medication acts to increase urination, which may help to eliminate excess fluid. Other medications, including corticosteroids, may also help to reduce edemas.

Lymphedema of the legs may be indicated by leg swelling, leg pain, and fatigue. Edema of the limbs can cause serious health problems, so it’s essential to see your doctor if you’re experiencing these symptoms. It would be best to get a proper diagnosis from a doctor or at a hospital to rule out any life-threatening diseases or conditions.


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